Peggy Guggenheim, OVER the collection

The most beautiful part of Venice, quiet as its waters but vivid of art and culture is the part of Dorsoduro, where Peggy in 1948 she bought Palazzo Venier dei Leoni, which by its Venetian residence, became the museum that houses her collection.

Peggy Guggenheim was born in 1898 in New York from rich family, she lived touring the world and bought works everywhere, mainly between America and Europe. Venice was a great love for her, as were the great artists of the time. She married the painter Laurence Vial, she Began attending bohemian salons, falls for Holms, she frequented Tanguy, Breton, Beckett, Duchamp, she married Marx Ernest. She shared her days and often her homes with Kandinskji, Man Ray, Brancusi, Cocteau, Moore, Arps.

She support many artists, that she bought for long periods from to the comfort of her bed. When she was forty years opened her first gallery in London, exhibited for the first time Kandinskji, Tanguy and many artists of the European avant-garde. With Duchamp and Beckett she followed the road that led then to be one of the most influential women of her time. She was a patron of the arts, not only collector. She bought Brancusi, Arp, Picasso, Braque, Moore, Mondrian, Dali, Leger, Picabia. Her collection include the cubism, surrealism and expressionism.

She was forced to abandon being Europe, because jewess, but she will return after the war. Saves her collections trying to ship them in safe places. In America, in 1942, she will open the gallery “Art of This Century” by making a bridge between the European and American art. Soon became the organizational center of all the cutting-edge artists, where young American artists to inspire by the Europeans who had fled to New York, you defiled each other. Here was the first American exhibitions of De Chirico, Rothko, Giacometti and Pollock. Pollock was still working as a carpenter for her uncle Salomon, until she decided to help him and him became the central figure of the time when Picasso also lived.

Peggy was very interested in Pollock, she support and promoted him until to sell a Delauney 1912, to pay him a monthly. In the book of her life “A life for Art” we can read the regrets of her life, like that of  not have bought a Miro to fifteen hundred dollars, the sale of a Kandinsky in 1936 and not bought a Picasso “Peche de nuit in Antibes”. But the worst mistake was for her, had sold eighteen Pollock. Certainly she was consoled thinking about the fortune that bought, often by the artists themselves, affordable, before the art world would begin to make finance.

She went back in her beloved Venice in 46, where she transferred her collection, which will donate to the foundation of his uncle Salomon Guggenheim.The big museums vied for have her art on display, hoping to inherit it. In the 1966 there was the flooding in Venice, fortunately her paintings were saved and began to donate large sums for the restoration of the city. From everywhere Venice received help, the United states was at the forefront!

She will be remembered for having discovered and allowed that many artists, especially during the war, they became part of the story, to have lived with passion, she loved the art and artists, to have stimulated creative dialogues and created influential connections capable of running the ‘economy, but above all ideas.

She said: “Art is the mirror of his time, for the moment we should be content with what he produced the twentieth century, today is not the era of creation, but for the the collecting. We can not wait that for each decade it is produces a genius”.

Samantha Ghironi

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